COINTELPRO [Counterintelligence Program] (1956-1976)

“Image Ownership: Public Domain” COINTELPRO was a counterintelligence program run by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) from roughly 1956 to 1976. It combined the efforts of the Bureau and local police forces to track, harass, discredit, infiltrate, destroy, and destabilize dissident groups in the … Read MoreCOINTELPRO [Counterintelligence Program] (1956-1976)

Moïse Kapenda Tshombe (1919–1969)

Moïse Kapenda Tshombe was the president of Katanga, once a secessionist state of Congo immediately after the country’s independence in 1960. Tshombe was born in 1919 in the southern region of Katanga. His father was said to be the first Congolese millionaire, amassing a fortune … Read MoreMoïse Kapenda Tshombe (1919–1969)

Mangosuthu Gatsha Buthelezi (1928- )

Mangosuthu Buthelezi, Zulu Chief and one of the founders of the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP), was born August 27, 1928 in Mahlabathinni, Natal. He was a descendent of the Zulu royal family, his mother being the granddaughter of King Cetshwayo. Buthelezi attended Impumalanga Primary School … Read MoreMangosuthu Gatsha Buthelezi (1928- )

Fred Shuttlesworth (1922-2011)

Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth was born on March 18, 1922 in Mount Meigs, Alabama to Vetta Green and Alberta Robinson.  However, his mother and stepfather, William Nathan Shuttlesworth, a farmer in Oxmore, Alabama raised Fred Shuttlesworth.  Shuttlesworth attended Oxmore Elementary School.  He graduated from Rosedale High … Read MoreFred Shuttlesworth (1922-2011)

National Pan-Hellenic Council (1930 – )

Image Ownership: Public Domain The National Pan-Hellenic Council, Inc. (NPHC), also referred to as the Divine Nine, is the umbrella organization housing nine black Greek-letter organizations. The NPHC was founded at Howard University in Washington, D.C. on May 10, 1930, and incorporated under laws in … Read MoreNational Pan-Hellenic Council (1930 – )