Jean Marcel Nicholas (a.k.a. Johnny Nicholas, 1918-1945)

Hans Pape and Jean Marcel Nicholas in Paris, Date Unknown Image Ownership: Public domain Expatriate, impersonator, and concentration camp survivor Jean Marcel Nicholas was born October 5, 1918 in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, one of the three children of Hilderic Nicholas, a secretary of the British Embassy … Read MoreJean Marcel Nicholas (a.k.a. Johnny Nicholas, 1918-1945)

Harlem Désir (1959- )

"Image Ownership: Public Domain" Harlem Désir is currently a socialist politician and Foreign Affairs Under-Secretary for Europe in the government of French Prime Minister Manuel Valls.  His career began in the 1980s when he was a leftist student who protested racism and the leader of … Read MoreHarlem Désir (1959- )

Raphaël Élizé (1891-1945)

"Image Ownership: Public Domain" Raphaël Élizé was an early 20th century French politician and the first black mayor of a metropolitan town in France: Sablé-sur-Sarthe (Sarthe). He was born in 1911 in Martinique into a racially mixed family: Augustin, his father, a tax collector and … Read MoreRaphaël Élizé (1891-1945)

Gaston Monnerville (1897–1991)

"Image Ownership: Public Domain" Born in Cayenne, French Guiana to parents Marc Saint-Yves Monnerville and Marie-Françoise Orville, Gaston Monnerville was the grandson of a slave. His family was from Case-Pilote in Martinique, but moved to French Guiana where two sons were born: Pierre and Gaston. … Read MoreGaston Monnerville (1897–1991)

Ligue Universelle pour la Défense de la Race Noire (1924)

George Marke, Prince Kojo Tovalou-Houenou, and Marcus Garvey, 1924 Image Ownership: Public Domain The Ligue Universelle pour la Défense de la Race Noire (LUDRN) was a Pan-African association created on April 30, 1924, by Kojo Tovalou Houénou known as Tovalou, descendant of the last King … Read MoreLigue Universelle pour la Défense de la Race Noire (1924)

Aimé Césaire (1913-2008)

  Image Ownership: Public Domain Legendary poet and politician, Aimé Césaire, was born on July 26, 1913 in the small town of Basse-Pointe on the island of Martinique. His father was a tax inspector and his mother a dressmaker. Unlike the majority of lower-class Martinicans, … Read MoreAimé Césaire (1913-2008)