Deep Greenwood (Tulsa), Oklahoma (1906–)

“Image Ownership: Public Domain” The Greenwood District in Tulsa, Oklahoma, grew into the most famous and prosperous black urban community in the United States during the early 1900s. Dubbed the “Negro Wall Street” by educator Booker T. Washington, this community had a flourishing population that … Read MoreDeep Greenwood (Tulsa), Oklahoma (1906–)

Freedom’s Journal (1827-1829)

Freedom’s Journal was the first African American owned and operated newspaper in the United States. A weekly four column publication printed every Friday, Freedom’s Journal was founded by free born African Americans John Russwurm and Samuel Cornish on March 16, 1827 in New York City, … Read MoreFreedom’s Journal (1827-1829)

Pittsburgh Courier (1907- )

The Pittsburgh Courier was established in 1907 by Edwin Harleston, an aspiring writer and security guard at the H.J. Heinz food packing plant.  The Courier achieved national prominence after attorney Robert Lee Vann joined the newspaper in 1910. Vann’s original position at the Courier was … Read MorePittsburgh Courier (1907- )

African Blood Brotherhood (1919-1924)

“Image Ownership: Public Domian” The African Blood Brotherhood for African Liberation and Redemption (ABB) was a militant black liberation group founded in 1919 by West Indian journalist Cyril Briggs. The ABB advocated armed defense against racist assaults and the creation of an independent black socialist … Read MoreAfrican Blood Brotherhood (1919-1924)

Northwest Enterprise (1920-1954?)

Founded in 1920, The Northwest Enterprise served an important role in supporting and maintaining an emerging African American community in Seattle, Washington and throughout the Northwest.  The newspaper served its community in five specific ways:  visibility, success, support of black institutions, community leadership, and resistance. … Read MoreNorthwest Enterprise (1920-1954?)

League of Struggle for Negro Rights (1930-1936)

The League of Struggle for Negro Rights (LSNR) was the primary civil rights organization of the American Communist Party (CP) during the early-to-mid 1930s. Founded in St. Louis in 1930 after the dissolution of the American Negro Labor Congress, the group established regional branches throughout … Read MoreLeague of Struggle for Negro Rights (1930-1936)