(1963) Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, “Chancellor’s Address at the University of Ibadan”

On November 17, 1948 the University of Ibadan became the first modern institution of higher education in Nigeria when it began as an external college of the University of London.  Fifteen years later the University became independent of all ties with the British university.   Sir … Read More(1963) Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, “Chancellor’s Address at the University of Ibadan”

(1964) Nelson Mandela, “I Am Prepared To Die”

In 1962, Nelson Mandela, leader of Umkhonto we Sizwe (Spear of the Nation) the armed wing of the African National Congress, was convicted by a South African court of traveling outside the country without a passport and inciting workers to strike.  He was sentenced to … Read More(1964) Nelson Mandela, “I Am Prepared To Die”

(1964) Nnamdi Azikiwe, “Tribalism: A Pragmatic Instrument for National Unity”

In 1963  Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe was selected as the first President of Nigeria.  The following year he gave a public lecture on the benefits of tribalism in forging national unity  in the Princess Alexandra Auditorium at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka.  His lecture delivered on … Read More(1964) Nnamdi Azikiwe, “Tribalism: A Pragmatic Instrument for National Unity”

(1964), Dr. Martin Luther King, “Receiving the Nobel Peace Prize”

On December 10, 1964, Dr. Martin Luther King became only the second African American (after Ralph Bunche) to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.  His acceptance speech given in Oslo, Norway, appears below. Your Majesty, Your Royal Highness, Mr. President, Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen: I accept … Read More(1964), Dr. Martin Luther King, “Receiving the Nobel Peace Prize”

(1966) Amilcar Cabral, “The Weapon of Theory”

Image Ownership: Public Domain In 1966 Amilcar Cabral was the Secretary-General and President of the War Council of the P.A.I. G. C. (African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde). In January 1966 he delivered an address to the first Tricontinental Conference of … Read More(1966) Amilcar Cabral, “The Weapon of Theory”

(1966) Julius Kambarage Nyerere, “The Dilemma of the Pan-Africanist”

Image Ownership: Public Domain In 1966 Julius Kambarage Nyerere was President of the Republic of Tanzania.  When President Kenneth Kaunda of neighboring Zambia became the first Chancellor of the University of Zambia when it was inaugurated on July 13, 1966 he invited Nyerere, also the … Read More(1966) Julius Kambarage Nyerere, “The Dilemma of the Pan-Africanist”

(1967) Milton Apollo Obote, “Language and National Identification”

Image Ownership: Public Domain Milton Apollo Obote was the first Prime Minister of Uganda from the time of its independence in 1962 until 1966 when he became President of the Republic of Uganda.  In 1967 Obote gave a speech on language and nation building at … Read More(1967) Milton Apollo Obote, “Language and National Identification”

(1968) Chinua Achebe, “The Duty and Involvement of the African Writer”

In 1967 Chinua Achebe, one of Nigeria’s most prominent writers, supported the secession of Biafra from the Nigerian nation.  In this 1968 speech he describes why he supported the breakaway state in its attempt to achieve independence.    It is clear to me that an … Read More(1968) Chinua Achebe, “The Duty and Involvement of the African Writer”

(1968) Toivo Herman Ja Toivo, “Freedom for Namibia”

By 1968 the freedom struggle for Namibia was a two year old guerilla war against South African control of the region. That struggle was directed by the Southwest African People’s Organization (SWAPO).  In the address below which was originally published in April, 1968, Toivo Herman … Read More(1968) Toivo Herman Ja Toivo, “Freedom for Namibia”

(1970) Amilcar Cabral, “National Liberation and Culture”

Image Ownership: Public Domain In a speech celebrating the life of  Dr. Eduardo Mondlane, leader the Mozambican Liberation Front (FRELIMO) who was assassinated by Portuguese agents on February 3, 1969, Amilcar Cabral, leader of the liberation movement in Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde, described the role … Read More(1970) Amilcar Cabral, “National Liberation and Culture”