(1970) Amilcar Cabral, “National Liberation and Culture”

Image Ownership: Public Domain In a speech celebrating the life of  Dr. Eduardo Mondlane, leader the Mozambican Liberation Front (FRELIMO) who was assassinated by Portuguese agents on February 3, 1969, Amilcar Cabral, leader of the liberation movement in Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde, described the role … Read More(1970) Amilcar Cabral, “National Liberation and Culture”

(1966) Amilcar Cabral, “The Weapon of Theory”

Image Ownership: Public Domain In 1966 Amilcar Cabral was the Secretary-General and President of the War Council of the P.A.I. G. C. (African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde). In January 1966 he delivered an address to the first Tricontinental Conference of … Read More(1966) Amilcar Cabral, “The Weapon of Theory”

(1971) Sese Seko Mobutu, “Address to the Conseil Nationale Extraordinaire, Dakar, 14 February 1971”

President and Mrs. Sese Seko Mobutu Meeting Emperor Hirohito in Tokoyo, Japan, 1971 Image Ownership: Public Domain Sese Seko Ngbendu Waza Banga Mobutu, originally known as Joseph Desire Mobutu, served as Patrice Lumumba’s private secretary before being appointed Chief of Staff and second in command … Read More(1971) Sese Seko Mobutu, “Address to the Conseil Nationale Extraordinaire, Dakar, 14 February 1971”

(1967) Milton Apollo Obote, “Language and National Identification”

Image Ownership: Public Domain Milton Apollo Obote was the first Prime Minister of Uganda from the time of its independence in 1962 until 1966 when he became President of the Republic of Uganda.  In 1967 Obote gave a speech on language and nation building at … Read More(1967) Milton Apollo Obote, “Language and National Identification”

(1958) Patrice Lumumba, “Speech at Accra”

On December 11, 1958, 34 year old Patrice Lumumba, president of the Congolese National Movement, spoke at the Assembly of African Peoples, an international Pan African Conference sponsored by Kwame Nkrumah, the Prime Minister of newly independent Ghana.  His remarks appear below.  Two years later … Read More(1958) Patrice Lumumba, “Speech at Accra”

(1966) Julius Kambarage Nyerere, “The Dilemma of the Pan-Africanist”

Image Ownership: Public Domain In 1966 Julius Kambarage Nyerere was President of the Republic of Tanzania.  When President Kenneth Kaunda of neighboring Zambia became the first Chancellor of the University of Zambia when it was inaugurated on July 13, 1966 he invited Nyerere, also the … Read More(1966) Julius Kambarage Nyerere, “The Dilemma of the Pan-Africanist”

(1924) Prince Marc Kojo Tovalou Houènou, “The Problem of Negroes in French Colonial Africa”

  George Marke, Prince Kojo Tovalou Houenou, and Marcus Garvey in Harlem, 1924 Image Ownership: Public Domain In the years immediately following World War I, Prince Marc Kojo Tovalou Houènou was one of  a small number of French Speaking Africans to openly  challenge French rule … Read More(1924) Prince Marc Kojo Tovalou Houènou, “The Problem of Negroes in French Colonial Africa”

(1926) John Williamson Kuyé, “Right of the People to Self-Determination”

John Williamson Kuyé, an early 20th Century advocate of African self-rule was in many respects part of the first wave of African nationalists.  Born in Bathurst, Gambia, on November 10,  1894, he attended Stanley Day School and Wesleyan Boys’ High School in Sierra Leone.  Kuyé … Read More(1926) John Williamson Kuyé, “Right of the People to Self-Determination”

(1963) Haile Selassie, “Towards African Unity”

On May 25, 1963 the Organization for African Unity (OAU) was established with a permanent headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.  Haile Selassie, Emperor of Ethiopia, was selected as the first President of the OAU.  His acceptance speech appears below. This is indeed a momentous and … Read More(1963) Haile Selassie, “Towards African Unity”

(1964) Nnamdi Azikiwe, “Tribalism: A Pragmatic Instrument for National Unity”

In 1963  Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe was selected as the first President of Nigeria.  The following year he gave a public lecture on the benefits of tribalism in forging national unity  in the Princess Alexandra Auditorium at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka.  His lecture delivered on … Read More(1964) Nnamdi Azikiwe, “Tribalism: A Pragmatic Instrument for National Unity”