Macky Sall (1961- )

Macky Sall (Encyclopedia Britannica)
Macky Sall (Encyclopedia Britannica)

Macky Sall, the fourth and current president of Senegal, was born on December 1, 1961 in Fatick, Senegal to Amadou Abdoul Sall and his wife, Coumba Thimbo. Fatick is a town in central Senegal where most people speak Wolof or Serer but his parents are Fula people from the north of Senegal.

Sall was educated in Fatick and later attended the University of Cheikh Diop in Dakar where he graduated in 1988. His was trained as a geological engineer and geophysicist. He also attended the Institute of Earth Sciences of Dakar and the National School for Petroleum and Engines. He later attended the French Petroleum Institute of Paris.

Between 2000 and 2001 Sall was Chief Operating Officer of the Senegalese National Oil company. From 2001 to 2002 he served as Minister of Mines, Energy and Hydraulics. The following year he became Minister of State along with Minister of Mines, Energy and Hydraulics. In August 2003 he was appointed Minister of State, and Minister of Interior and Local Collectivities.

On April 21, 2004 Sall was appointed Prime Minister. He served in that position until mid-2007. In June 2007 he was elected President of the National Assembly. After a conflict with Senegalese President Abdoulaye Wade, Sall established a new political party, The Alliance for the Republic, on December 1, 2008.

He then returned to his hometown, Fatick, where he served as mayor from 2009 to 2012.

Macky Sall (Al Jazeera)
Macky Sall (Al Jazeera)

In 2012 he campaigned for president and defeated his opponent, incumbent Abdoulaye Wade, on March 25, 2012. Sall is one of a handful of African opposition leaders to defeat an incumbent president. On February 24, 2019 he won re-election in the first round of voting having garnered 58% of the vote and was sworn in for his second term on April 2, 2019.

Sall campaigned in both presidential contests for an “Emerging Senegal.” His administration has expanded the national infrastructure, including building a new airport and a planned city, Diamniadio Lake City, on the outskirts of Dakar, the capital. The government has also endorsed Akon City planned by Senegalese music star Akon. Sall has committed to increasing employment opportunities for Senegalese, specifically boys, girls and women. His government is expanding housing and enforcing environment protection laws. In 2016 Sall’s government reduced the presidential term from seven to five years with a two-term limit for president.

Sall is multilingual being fluent in Wolof, Serer, Pulaar, French and English. Macky Sall and his wife, Marieme Faye, are the parents of three children: Ndeye Driss, Amadu and Ibrahima.