José Mauricio Nunes Garcia (1767-1830)

  Image Ownership: Public Domain José Mauricio Nunes Garcia (1767-1830) was an Afro-Brazilian composer and organist who was the grandson of slaves. Over 240 works of music by Garcia have survived. Garcia’s mother was Vitória Maria da Cruz and his father was Apolinário Nunes Garcia, … Read MoreJosé Mauricio Nunes Garcia (1767-1830)

Joseph de Bolonge/Le Chevalier de Saint-Georges (1745-1799)

Image Ownership: Public Domain Joseph de Bologne was born December 25, 1745 on a plantation near Basse-Terre, on the French Caribbean island of Guadeloupe. His mother was Anne Nanon, slave-mistress of his father, the nobleman George de Bologne de Saint-Georges. He was educated in France, … Read MoreJoseph de Bolonge/Le Chevalier de Saint-Georges (1745-1799)

Alessandro de’ Medici (1510–1537)

Image Ownership: Public Domain Alessandro de’ Medici, called “Il Moro” (“The Moor”), was born in the Italian city of Urbino in 1510. His mother was an African slave named Simonetta who had been freed. Alessandro’s paternity is uncertain.  Most sources name Lorenzo de’ Medici, ruler … Read MoreAlessandro de’ Medici (1510–1537)

Jacobus Elisa Johannes Capitein (ca. 1717-1747)

As one of the first known sub-Saharan Africans to study at a European university, the freed slave Jacobus Capitein became a celebrity in Holland for his academic and religious achievements and later returned to his homeland to evangelize the indigenous population. Capitein was born on … Read MoreJacobus Elisa Johannes Capitein (ca. 1717-1747)