Michael Stolp-Smith

Independent Historian

Michael Stolp-Smith is an alumnus of the University of Washington, Seattle with a BFA in PhotoMedia.

Freedmen’s Hospital/Howard University Hospital (1862– )

Image Ownership: Public Domain The Freedmen’s Hospital was founded in 1862 in Washington, D.C.  It was the first hospital of its kind to aid in the medical treatment of former slaves.  Later it became the major hospital for the African American community in Washington, D.C.  The … Read MoreFreedmen’s Hospital/Howard University Hospital (1862– )

The Hamburg Massacre (1876)

Map of the Hamburg Massacre Image Ownership: Public Domain On July 8, 1876, the small town of Hamburg, South Carolina erupted in violence as the community’s African American militia clashed with whites from the surrounding rural area.  Hamburg was a small all-black community across the … Read MoreThe Hamburg Massacre (1876)

The Colfax Massacre (1873)

Drawing of Survivors Leaving the Scene of the Colfax Massacre Image Ownership: Public Domain The Colfax Massacre occurred on April 13, 1873. The battle-turned-massacre took place in the small town of Colfax, Louisiana as a clash between blacks and whites.  Three whites and an estimated … Read MoreThe Colfax Massacre (1873)

New Orleans Massacre (1866)

The New Orleans Massacre, also known as the New Orleans Race Riot, occurred on July 30, 1866.  While the riot was typical of numerous racial conflicts during Reconstruction, this incident had special significance. It galvanized national opposition to the moderate Reconstruction policies of President Andrew … Read MoreNew Orleans Massacre (1866)

Chubby Checker (Ernest Evans) (1941– )

Image Ownership: Public Domain Chubby Checker, the man credited with inventing “The Twist,” was born Ernest Evans in Spring Gully, South Carolina. He moved to Philadelphia with his parents and two brothers and attended South Philadelphia High School. Evans aspired to become a performer from … Read MoreChubby Checker (Ernest Evans) (1941– )

Port Chicago Mutiny (1944)

Aftermath of Port Chicago Explosion Image Ownership: Public Domain The Port Chicago Mutiny involved African American enlisted men in the U.S. Navy who refused to return to loading ammunition after a disastrous explosion at Port Chicago, California on July 17, 1944 that destroyed the Liberty … Read MorePort Chicago Mutiny (1944)

Saint Andrews African Methodist Episcopal Church, Sacramento, California (1850- )

St. Andrews African Methodist Episcopal Church of Sacramento, California was founded in 1850, the same year that California was admitted to the union. It stands to this day as the oldest continuous African Methodist Episcopal (AME) congregation on the west coast. The church began humbly, … Read MoreSaint Andrews African Methodist Episcopal Church, Sacramento, California (1850- )