Michael Slaughter

Independent Historian

Michael Slaughter is a professor of history. He received his Ph.D. from the University of California, Los Angeles. His research focuses on race in the American West, particularly in connection to the African American experience. His latest project examines notions and practices of racial tolerance and racial innocence in mid-twentieth century Los Angeles. His book-length manuscript links educational policy and practices in Los Angeles to a larger history of colorblind discrimination.

Patrick Gaspard (1967- )

“Image Ownership: Public Domain” Patrick Gaspard’s career in politics and diplomacy spans three decades. Gaspard’s work has involved him in politics at the city and national level and has put him in contact with constituencies traditionally associated with the Democratic Party. As of this writing, … Read MorePatrick Gaspard (1967- )

Emmanuel Francis Joseph (1900–1979)

"Image Ownership: Public Domain" Emmanuel Francis (E.F.) Joseph was the first professional African American photographer in the San Francisco Bay Area of California. Born on November 8, 1900 on the Caribbean island of St. Lucia, Joseph would later move to the United States and attend … Read MoreEmmanuel Francis Joseph (1900–1979)