Sara Reid Massey was retired from the University of Texas, Institute of Texan Cultures at San Antonio, where she developed award-winning educational materials on Texas history. She was the editor of the Black Cowboys of Texas, winner of the 2000 T.R. Fehrenbach Award of the Texas Historical Commission, co-author of Turn of the Century Photographs: San Diego, and editor of Texas Women on the Cattle Trails, winner of the 2006 Liz Carpenter Award from the Texas State Historical Association. Her study, Never From from The Sea: The Vietnamese of the Texas Gulf Coast, received the Community History Award from the Texas Oral History Association. Sara Reid Massey died on her 75th birthday, August 17, 2013, in Comfort, Texas.
Johanna July, a black Seminole, was born around 1857 in Nacimiento de Los Negros, the settlement established in northern Mexico following the emigration of Indian and black Seminoles from the Indian Territory in 1849. By 1870, the U.S. Army, desperate for translators and scouts familiar … Read MoreJohanna July (1857?-1946?)