A native Californian, Robin Muhammad specializes in U.S. labor and urban history. Muhammad earned her Ph.D. and M.S. in History at Carnegie Mellon University and her B.A. in History and Spanish at the University of California at Davis. She is an Associate Professor in the Department of African American Studies at Ohio University.
In the article below historian Robin Dearmon Muhammad discusses the growth of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) or the Garvey Movement in the American West, with particular emphasis on its influence in black working-class organizing in the San Francisco Bay Area after World War … Read MoreGarveyism Looks Toward the Pacific: The UNIA and Black Workers in the American West