Eldrewey Joseph Stearns, political activist and student organizer, was born in Galveston, Texas on December 21, 1931, to Devona and Rudolph Stearns. He spent his formative years, during the 1930s and 1940s in San Augustine, Texas, but returned to Galveston in 1945 and graduated from Central High School in 1949. Shortly thereafter, he enrolled at Texas Southern University, but after two years, he was drafted into the United States Army.
Upon his discharge from the Army in 1953, Stearns enrolled at Michigan State University where he received the bachelor’s degree in 1957 in political science. He then attempted to enroll at the University of Texas Law School in Austin, but was denied admission. He then enrolled at the Texas Southern University Law School in Houston.
In the summer of 1960, students at Texas Southern University (TSU), joined the student protest movement that began with the sit-ins in Greensboro, North Carolina on Feb. 1, 1960. The TSU students targeted a number of stores near the Texas Southern University campus which discriminated against African Americans. In response to their demonstrations, many of the stores closed their segregated lunch counters rather than integrate.
In response, TSU students organized the Progressive Youth Association (PYA) and chose Eldrewey Stearns as its first president. With Stearns at the helm, this organization escalated the demonstration activity, targeting a number of downtown stores for the first time as well as the Houston City Hall Cafeteria. After successfully integrating these facilities, Stearns and the PYA desegregated the Continental Bus Terminal and the Houston Police Department cafeteria. They also challenged employment discrimination through demonstrations and thus opened jobs for African Americans at drugstores, service stations and banks in the black sections of Houston. Stearns and the PYA, however, were not as successful in desegregating movie theaters and Union Station, the railroad terminal.
By the fall of 1961 most of the facilities in downtown Houston had been desegregated but only after hundreds of students had been arrested and had fines levied against them. Stearns was among those arrested during the protests.
Despite his leadership of this successful protest campaign, Stearns’s life took a tragic turn. He became an alcoholic and eventually was confined to a mental health facility at the University of Texas at Galveston. In 1984 Stearns, assisted by historian Thomas Cole, wrote and published his autobiography, No Color is My Kind. Eldrewey Stearns still lives in the Houston area.