W.E.B. Du Bois, “Close Ranks,” Editorial from The Crisis, July 1918

In July 1919, W.E.B. Du Bois, editor of The Crisis, the official publication of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, wrote the editorial below titled “Close Ranks” in which he urged African Americans to forget “our special grievances” and support the World … Read MoreW.E.B. Du Bois, “Close Ranks,” Editorial from The Crisis, July 1918

New Orleans Mayor Mitch Landrieu’s Address on the Removal of Confederate Monuments in New Orleans (2017)

On May 19, 2017, New Orleans, Louisiana Mayor Mitch Landrieu addressed an audience in his city as a backdrop and explanation of the city’s recent decision to remove statues of General Robert E. Lee and other Confederate military and political leaders from public squares in … Read MoreNew Orleans Mayor Mitch Landrieu’s Address on the Removal of Confederate Monuments in New Orleans (2017)

(1963) Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel, “Religion and Race”

On January 14, 1963, Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel gave the speech “Religion and Race,” at a conference of the same name that assembled in Chicago, Illinois.  There he met Dr. Martin Luther King and the two became friends.  Rabbi Heschel marched with Dr. King at … Read More(1963) Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel, “Religion and Race”

(2014) Rita Bender, “Thoughts for the People of Mt. Zion United Methodist Church”

Memorial to James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner at Mt. Zion United Methodist Church "Image Ownership: Public Domain" On June 15, 2014, as part of the commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of the Mississippi Freedom Summer, Rita Bender returned to Mt. Zion United Methodist … Read More(2014) Rita Bender, “Thoughts for the People of Mt. Zion United Methodist Church”

(1995) William Jefferson Clinton, “the Job of Ending Discrimination in This Country is Not Over”

Image Ownership: Public Domain In July 1995, President Bill Clinton delivered a major speech at the White House  in defense of Affirmative Action programs across the nation at a time when many critics were calling for their repeal.  He argued that such programs were still needed … Read More(1995) William Jefferson Clinton, “the Job of Ending Discrimination in This Country is Not Over”

(1966) Robert F. Kennedy, “Day of Affirmation Address”

On June 7, 1966, New York Senator Robert F. Kennedy became one of the first major American politicians to take a public stand against South African Apartheid when he delivered an address to the National Union of South African Students in New York City.  His … Read More(1966) Robert F. Kennedy, “Day of Affirmation Address”

(1963) Lyndon B. Johnson, “Address Before a Joint Session of Congress”

Image Ownership: Public Domain On November 27, 1963 just five days after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy in Dallas, newly installed President Lyndon Baines Johnson addresses Congress for the first time.   His address appears below. Mr. Speaker, Mr. President, Members of the House, … Read More(1963) Lyndon B. Johnson, “Address Before a Joint Session of Congress”

(1964) Lyndon B. Johnson, “Radio and Television Address at the Signing of the 1964 Civil Rights Act”

Image Ownership: Public Domain The Civil Rights Act is considered by many historians as one of the most important measures enacted by the U.S. Congress in the 20th Century.  President Lyndon B. Johnson led the national effort to pass the Act.   On July 2, 1964 … Read More(1964) Lyndon B. Johnson, “Radio and Television Address at the Signing of the 1964 Civil Rights Act”

(1957) Dwight Eisenhower, “Address on Little Rock”

Image Ownership: Public Domain The Little Rock Crisis erupted in September 1957 when Arkansas Governor Orval M. Faubus used state National Guard troops to prevent nine African American students from attending the then all-white Central High School.  On September 20, Federal Judge Ronald Davis ordered … Read More(1957) Dwight Eisenhower, “Address on Little Rock”

(1993) William J. Clinton, “The Freedom to Die”

Image Ownership: Public Domain On November 13, 1993, President Bill Clinton traveled to Memphis to address 5,000 African American ministers at the national headquarters of the Church of God in Christ.  Speaking from the pulpit where in 1968 Dr. Martin Luther King delivered his last … Read More(1993) William J. Clinton, “The Freedom to Die”