Freedmen’s Town, Houston, Texas (1865- )

Freedmen’s Town is a nationally registered historical site. The site was originally a community located in the fourth ward of Houston, Texas that began in 1865 as the destination for former enslaved people from surrounding plantations in Texas and Louisiana after the Civil War. Freedmen’s … Read MoreFreedmen’s Town, Houston, Texas (1865- )

Sebastian’s Cotton Club Culver City, California (1926-1938)

The prohibition of alcohol in the United States during the early 20th century didn’t really affect the nightclubbing scene in Los Angeles, California, especially in the Culver City area during the 1920s. Sebastian’s Cotton Club, at the intersection of Washington Boulevard and National Street, was … Read MoreSebastian’s Cotton Club Culver City, California (1926-1938)

Frenchtown Houston, Texas (1922- )

Frenchtown, a community built in 1922 in Houston, Texas, was constructed by hundreds of Creole descendants of free French, Spanish, and African people living in southwestern Louisiana in the eighteenth century. Coming to Houston for economic opportunities, they settled and created this community because of … Read MoreFrenchtown Houston, Texas (1922- )

Villa Lewaro, The Mansion of Madam C.J. Walker (1918- )

Villa Lewaro, built by Madam C.J. Walker in 1918, is a thirty-four-room, 20,000-square-foot mansion located at Fargo Lane and North Broadway in Irvington, New York. The estate is situated near the resident of the Franklin D. Roosevelt family on the Hudson River. Walker, a self-made … Read MoreVilla Lewaro, The Mansion of Madam C.J. Walker (1918- )

Deep Greenwood (Tulsa), Oklahoma (1906- )

The Greenwood District in Tulsa, Oklahoma, grew into the most famous and prosperous black urban community in the United States during the early 1900s. Dubbed the “Negro Wall Street” by educator Booker T. Washington, this community had a flourishing population that included both a working … Read MoreDeep Greenwood (Tulsa), Oklahoma (1906- )

Bricktown and Deep Deuce, Oklahoma City (1889- )

Like the rest of Oklahoma City, Bricktown began with the Land Run of 1889. At the junction of the Oklahoma railroad station and the Oklahoma River, the land that is now Oklahoma City and its surroundings was especially appealing to both farmers and settlers who … Read MoreBricktown and Deep Deuce, Oklahoma City (1889- )

Oyotunji Village [The Village] (1970- )

Oyotunji Village (The Village) was the first known black nationalist settlement developed by African American worshippers of the orishas (African deities). While the Village’s founders modeled Oyotunji on West African cultures, they also sought to build a self-defined, independent community in the United States within … Read MoreOyotunji Village [The Village] (1970- )