Julius Lester (1939- )

Image Ownership: Public Domain Scholar and civil rights activist Julius Lester was born January 27, 1939 in St. Louis, Missouri, the son of a Methodist minister. Lester spent much of his childhood in Missouri, where in the 1940s and 1950s he dealt with southern attitudes about race and segregation before and during the … Read MoreJulius Lester (1939- )

Reverend Joseph H. Jackson (1900–1990)

“Image Ownership: Public Domain” Reverend Joseph Harrison Jackson was the pastor of Olivet Baptist Church in Chicago, Illinois (1941–1990), the longest-serving president of the National Baptist Convention (1953-1982), and a leading conservative voice during the Civil Rights era. To this day, Rev. Jackson remains a … Read MoreReverend Joseph H. Jackson (1900–1990)

Wanda Evans Coleman (1946-2013)

Image Ownership: Public Domain" Wanda Evans Coleman was an American poet and writer who won critical acclaim for her avant-garde work, but remained relatively unknown to a broader audience. Her 30 year literary career included a myriad of poetry and fiction publications. Born and raised … Read MoreWanda Evans Coleman (1946-2013)

SNCC Freedom Singers (1962-1966)

"Image Ownership: Public Domain" Coordinating Committee (SNCC) Freedom Singers were a musical group primarily active between 1962 and 1966, singing “freedom songs” in order to fundraise and organize on behalf of SNCC. The Freedom Singers emerged out of the Albany Movement of 1962. After witnessing … Read MoreSNCC Freedom Singers (1962-1966)

Ruby Doris Smith Robinson (1942-1967)

  Image Ownership: Public Domain Ruby Doris Smith Robinson, born in Atlanta, Georgia on April 25, 1942, was a civil rights leader.  Robinson, the second oldest of seven children born to Alice and John T. Smith, was raised in Atlanta’s black middleclass neighborhood of Summerhill.  … Read MoreRuby Doris Smith Robinson (1942-1967)

Orangeburg Massacre (1968)

Image courtesy of ©Bettmann-Corbis The Orangeburg Massacre took place in Orangeburg, South Carolina at South Carolina State University on February 8th, 1968. This horrific incident which ended with three young men, Samuel Hammond, Henry Smith, and Delano Middleton, killed and 27 other students wounded, was … Read MoreOrangeburg Massacre (1968)

Bobby L. Rush (1946- )

Bobby Lee Rush was born in Albany, Georgia on November 23, 1946. He graduated from Marshall High School in that city at the age of seventeen and soon afterwards enlisted in the United States Army.  Rush served in the Army from 1963 to 1968 when … Read MoreBobby L. Rush (1946- )

Cleveland Sellers (1944- )

Image Courtesy of Cleveland L. Sellers, Jr. Cleveland Sellers was born on November 8, 1944 in Denmark, South Carolina.  Cleveland became interested in the Civil Rights Movement with the murder of Emmett Till in 1955.  In 1960 at 15, he organized his first sit-in protest … Read MoreCleveland Sellers (1944- )

James Forman (1928-2005)

Image Ownership: Public Domain Civil rights leader and political activist James Forman was an instrumental leader in the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), sending demonstrators to the South for the Freedom Ride protests. Forman, who was born in Chicago, Illinois on October 4th, 1928, lived … Read MoreJames Forman (1928-2005)

James Meredith (1933 – )

James Meredith withU.S. Marshals, University of Mississippi, 1962 Image Ownership: Public Domain James Meredith is best known as the first African American student to enroll at the University of Mississippi (Old Miss). He was born on June 25, 1933 in Kosciusko, Mississippi, served in the … Read MoreJames Meredith (1933 – )