Creek Seminole College (1906-ca. 1925)

The Creek Seminole College was officially opened in 1906 in Boley, a black town in Creek Nation, Indian Territory (today Oklahoma).  The school’s founder and president was John C. Leftwich, a graduate of Selma University in Alabama.  Leftwich built the college on five acres of … Read MoreCreek Seminole College (1906-ca. 1925)

Historically Black Colleges and Universities of Atlanta

In the following article by Alton Hornsby, Jr., the Fuller E. Callaway Professor of History at Morehouse College and former editor of the Journal of Negro History, briefly describes the founding of Atlanta University, Clark College (now Clark Atlanta University), Morehouse College, Spelman College, Morris … Read MoreHistorically Black Colleges and Universities of Atlanta

Palmer Memorial Institute (1902-1971)

In 1902, Charlotte Brown Hawkins opened an institute for African American teenagers in North Carolina. She established the institute in a converted blacksmith shop and named it for her mentor, Alice Freeman Palmer.  Hawkins credited Palmer, the first woman president of Wellesley College, with much … Read MorePalmer Memorial Institute (1902-1971)

Tullahassee Manual Labor School (1850-1924)

Tullahassee Manual Labor School was a boarding school for Creek freedmen funded by the Creek Nation in the Indian Territory. The Tullahassee school was originally founded in 1850 as the first of three boarding schools for the education of Creek children by the Creek Nation. … Read MoreTullahassee Manual Labor School (1850-1924)

Mount Zion Baptist Church, Seattle, Washington (1890- )

Home to the largest African American congregation in the state of Washington, Mount Zion Baptist Church was organized in Seattle on February 18, 1894. Led by Reverend Hesekiah C. Rice, eight founding members initially met in a rented hall on the campus of the University of … Read MoreMount Zion Baptist Church, Seattle, Washington (1890- )

First African Methodist Episcopal Church, Seattle, Washington (1886- )

Established in 1886 when Washington was still a territory, the First African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church in Seattle, Washington is the state’s oldest black church.  Initially, members began by meeting in each other’s homes.  These meetings eventually led to the opening of a home based … Read MoreFirst African Methodist Episcopal Church, Seattle, Washington (1886- )

Calvary Baptist Church, Spokane, Washington (1890- )

Early in 1890, in Spokane, Washington, a small group of African American citizens gathered “to consider the propriety of organizing a church.”  The name Calvary Baptist Church was adopted, and thus was founded the city’s first historically black church.  Its founding transcended race and gender, … Read MoreCalvary Baptist Church, Spokane, Washington (1890- )

Antioch Missionary Baptist Church, Houston, Texas (1866- )

Antioch Missionary Baptist Church, the first African American Baptist Church in Houston, Texas, was organized in January 1866 by former slaves.  These individuals were assisted by white missionaries from the First Baptist Church and the German Baptist Church.  Antioch’s members worshiped at the two churches … Read MoreAntioch Missionary Baptist Church, Houston, Texas (1866- )