Washington State Federation of Colored Women (1917- )

Founded on Aug. 9, 1917 in Spokane, Washington, the Washington State Federation of Colored Women (WSFCW) confederated several social and civic clubs organized by African American women during the early 1900s. The African American women’s club movement in Washington State began in 1908 with the … Read MoreWashington State Federation of Colored Women (1917- )

Oklahoma City Blue Devils (1923-1933)

Image Ownership: Public Domain The Oklahoma City Blue Devils were a territorial band with a legendary reputation among musicians in the Southwest. Starting in 1923 accompanying Billy King’s road show, "Moonshine," at the Aldridge Theatre in Oklahoma City, they also performed for white and African … Read MoreOklahoma City Blue Devils (1923-1933)

African Company / African Grove Theatre

The African Company was the first known black theatre troupe. In 1816, William Henry Brown (1815-1884), a retired West Indian steamship steward, acquired a house on Thomas Street in lower Manhattan, New York. He offered a variety of instrumental and vocal entertainments on Sunday afternoons … Read MoreAfrican Company / African Grove Theatre

First Indian Home Guard Regiment

The First Indian Home Guard Regiment was a tri-racial Union regiment first organized in Kansas in May 1862. The regiment was made up of Creek and Seminole Indians, African Creeks and African Seminoles with white officers commanding the unit.  Though their numbers were few, the … Read MoreFirst Indian Home Guard Regiment

Negro Repertory Company (Seattle) 1936-1939

The Negro Repertory Company (NRC) was established in 1936 by Florence and James Burton, directors of the Seattle Repertory Playhouse (SRP), as the Negro unit of the Federal Theatre Program, a part of the WPA. In its short life it produced ambitious and controversial plays … Read MoreNegro Repertory Company (Seattle) 1936-1939

Golden State Mutual Life Insurance Company

Image Ownership: Public Domain Golden State Mutual Life Insurance Company, the largest black-owned insurance company in the west, was founded by William Nickerson, Jr., Norman Oliver Houston and George Allen Beavers, Jr. On July 23, 1925 they opened as the Golden State Guarantee Fund Insurance … Read MoreGolden State Mutual Life Insurance Company

National Welfare Rights Organization (1966-1975)

Image Ownership: Public Domain The National Welfare Rights Organization (NWRO) was created in 1966  to fight for greater assistance and control over welfare regulations. In the 1950s, politicians and journalists drew attention to the rapid increases in the welfare rolls, especially among African American single … Read MoreNational Welfare Rights Organization (1966-1975)

United Black Front (UBF) or Black United Front (BUF)

The United Black Front (also known as the Black United Front) was created in the late 1960s as a coalition of 50 black power organizations seeking to address four major objectives: the elimination of white oppression, increased economic and political power for blacks, better education … Read MoreUnited Black Front (UBF) or Black United Front (BUF)