James A. Thurber is a Distinguished University Professor of Government and the Founder (1979) and Director of the Center for Congressional and Presidential Studies (american.edu/ccps) at American University in Washington, D.C. He was legislative assistant to U.S. Senators Hubert H. Humphrey, William Brock, Adlai Stevenson III, and U.S. Representative David Obey. He also worked with Senator Barack Obama on ethics and lobbying reforms. Dr. Thurber is the author and editor of numerous books including Campaigns and Elections American Style (2013) Obama in Office (2011), Rivals for Power: Presidential-Congressional Relations (2013), Improving How Washington Works (2008), Congress and the Internet (2003), The Battle for Congress: Candidates, Consultants and Voters (2001), and Campaign Warriors: Political Consultants in Elections (2000). In addition, he has published numerous articles in academic journals including Congress and the Presidency, Legislative Studies Quarterly, Policy Studies Journal, Political Research Quarterly, Presidential Studies Quarterly, and Public Administration Review.