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Jones, Gayl (1949-- )

Image Ownership: Public Domain

The novelist and poet Gayl Jones was born November 23, 1949 in Lexington, Kentucky.  She came from a creative background; her grandmother Amanda Wilson wrote religious dramas and her mother Lucile was a fiction writer.  By the time she was seven years old she had already begun writing her own fiction.  In high school, Jones was described by her teachers as brilliant, but painfully shy.

Jones attended Connecticut College as an English major, where she received several prizes for her poetry and earned a Bachelor’s Degree in 1971.  She then pursued a Master’s degree in creative writing from Brown University while studying with William Meredith and Michael Harper and where her first play, Chile Woman, was produced.  In 1973 she successfully completed her Master’s degree and continued to study at Brown where she ultimately earned a Ph.D. in creative writing in 1975.  Jones published her first novel, Corregidora, that same year, and one year later in 1976 became an assistant professor at the University of Michigan.

Jones’s later works include Eva’s Man (1976), White Rat (1977), Song for Anninho (1981), The Hermit-Woman (1983), Xarque and other Poems (1985), Liberating Voices: Oral Tradition of African American Literature (1991), The Healing (1998), and Mosquito (1999).  The Healing was a finalist for the National Book Award in 1998.  

Besides such honors and praises, Jones’s work has also received harsh criticism. Many critics write that her work contains excessive graphic violence.  Other contend that her stories lack positive race images.  Jones counters that her concern is not with creating positive images of race, but with representing the world as she sees it.  

Gayl Jones currently lives in her hometown of Lexington, Kentucky.

Sources:
Hans Ostram and David J. Macey, The Greenwood Encyclopedia of African American Literature (Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 2005); Colin A. Palmer, Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History: the Black Experience in the Americas 2nd ed. (Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2006).

Contributor:

University of Washington, Seattle

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