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Clayton, Alonzo (1876–1917)

 

Image Ownership: Public Domain

Alonzo “Lonnie” Clayton, who reached stardom at the age of 15 when he became the youngest rider to win the Kentucky Derby, was born on March 27, 1876 in Kansas City, Missouri to Robert and Evaline Clayton.  

Alonzo Clayton moved with his parents and eight siblings to North Little Rock, Arkansas at the age of 10.  His father, Robert Clayton was a carpenter while his mother, Evaline Clayton stayed at home with the children.  In North Little Rock, Alonzo attended school and worked as a hotel boy and a shoeshine boy to help support his family.

At the age of 12, Clayton started his riding career when he ran away from home to follow his brothers’ footsteps as a jockey.  He landed a job with Lucky Baldwin’s Stable in Chicago as an exercise boy.  One year later, at 13, he was riding and competing in races on the East coast.  At 14, he raced in New York City at Morris Park and in the Jerome Stakes where he recorded his first win as a rider in a major race.  

On May 11, 1892, Clayton rode in and won the Kentucky Derby where he recorded a time of 2:41.50.  Riding Azra, he also set a record as the youngest rider to win the prestigious race.  

Throughout Clayton’s remarkable career, he won other major races including the Champagne Stakes (1891), Jerome Handicap (1891), Clark Handicap (1892, 1897), Travers Stakes (1892), Monmouth Handicap (1893), Kentucky Oaks (1894, 1895) and the Arkansas Derby (1895).

By 1900 Clayton's career began to decline.  He tried a comeback in 1904 but he was arrested for allegedly fixing a race in New York.  Although all charges were dismissed, his career was over.

Clayton retired to Little Rock, Arkansas in 1904 where he bought a prominent home known now as the Engelberger House which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.  

Clayton lived his final years in California and died on March 17, 1917 from chronic pulmonary tuberculosis.  He is buried at the Evergreen Cemetery in Los Angeles, California.

Sources:
Cary Bradburn, "Alonzo "Lonnie" Clayton (1876-1917)" The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture, http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=5300; Edward Hotaling, The Great Black Jockeys (Rocklin, California: Forum Publishing, 1999).

Contributor:

University of Washington, Seattle

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