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Andry’s Rebellion (1811)

Named after the owner of the plantation where the event originated, the revolt of 400-500 slaves in the parishes of the Andry plantation caused uproar in New Orleans, Louisiana. Led by a Saint-Domingue slave named Charles Deslondes, the uprising was built on the fear generated by the Haitian Revolution of 1791, coupled with the large population of free Negroes to further accentuate the tension in New Orleans.

General Wade Hampton assembled two companies of volunteers, and eventually with the additional help of a regular army troop the disturbance was put down, requiring the service of nearly 700 soldiers. By the end of the day, the rebels had murdered two whites and eighty-two rebels were killed in retribution, making the suppression of this revolt the bloodiest in the history of the country. After hanging the heads of some of the guilty on poles in New Orleans, authorities tightened the restrictions governing the activities of free blacks, and a few loyal slaves were emancipated.

Sources:
Mary Francis Berry, : Black Resistance White Law: A History of Constitutional Racism in America (Appleton Century Crofts: New York, 1971).

Contributor:

University of Washington

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