This document will be updated from time-to-time; corrections and additions may be sent to:
Nicholas T. Starin
Portland Bureau of Planning
1900 SW 4th Ave., Suite 4100
Portland, OR, 97201
Books, Articles, Reports, and Theses | Portland African-American Newspapers & Periodicals | Early West Coast African-American Newspapers & Periodicals | Selected General & Miscellaneous Historical Works on Portland and Oregon
Anderson, Martha. Black Pioneers of the Northwest: 1800 - 1980. [s.l.] 1980.
Berardi, Gayle K. and Thomas W. Segady. "The Development of African-American Newspapers in the American West: A Sociohistorical Perspective." Journal of Negro History, 75, 3/4. (Summer - Autumn, 1990), 96-111.
Berwanger, Eugene H. The Frontier Against Slavery: Western Anti-Negro Prejudice and the Slavery Extension Controversy. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1967.
--. The West and Reconstruction. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1981.
Betts, Robert B. In Search of York: The Slave Who Went to the Pacific with Lewis and Clark. Boulder: Colorado Associated University Press; Lewis and Clark Trail Heritage Foundation, 2000.
Billington, Monroe Lee and Roger D. Hardaway. African Americans on the Western Frontier. Niwot: University Press of Colorado, 1998.
Bishop, Sue. Negro Housing in Portland. B.A. Honors Thesis, University of Oregon, School of Journalism,1958.
Bleeg, Joanne Wagner. Black People in the Territory of Washington, 1860-1880. M.A. Thesis, University of Washington, 1970.
Bogle, Kathryn Hall. "Kathryn Hall Bogle on the African-American Experience in Wartime Portland." Oregon Historical Quarterly, 93, 4 (Winter 1992-93). [Oral history interview]
--. "Kathryn Hall Bogle on the Writing of ‘An American Negro Speaks of Color.'" Oregon Historical Quarterly, 89, 1, (Spring 1988).
Bosco-Millgan Foundation. Cornerstones of Community: Buildings of Portland's African American History. Portland: Bosco-Milligan Foundation, 1997. Rev. and exp. edition.
Boston, Clarinèr Freeman. An Historical Perspective of Oregon's and Portland's Political and Social Atmosphere in Relation to the Legal Justice System as it Pertained to Minorities, with Specific Reference to State Laws, City Ordinances, and Arrest and Court Records during the Period 1840-1895. M.S. Thesis, Portland State University, Dept. of Administration of Justice, 1997.
Boyd, George Felix. The Levels of Aspiration of White and Negro Children in a Non-segregated Elementary School. M.S. Thesis, University of Oregon, Dept. of Psychology, 1950.
Brame, Herman L. African American Athletes in Oregon: A History from 1804 to 1950. Portland: H.L. Brame, 2000.
Broussard, Albert S. "McCants Stewart: The Struggles of a Black Attorney in the Urban West." Oregon Historical Quarterly, 89, 2 (Summer 1988).
Buhler, Julie Lorana. The Civil Rights Movement in Portland, Oregon, 1955-68. B.A. Honors Thesis, University of Oregon, Dept. of History, 1983.
Casey, Helen Marie. Portland Compromise: The Colored School, 1867 -1872. Portland: Portland Public Schools, Public Information Department, 1980.
City Club of Portland. Report on the Negro in Portland: a Progress Report, 1945-1957. [By John H. Eyer et al.]. Portland: City Club of Portland, 1957. City Club of Portland Bulletin, v. 37, no. 46, Apr. 19, 1957.
--. The Negro in Portland: A Report by the Committee on Race Relations. Portland: City Club of Portland, 1945. City Club of Portland Bulletin, v. 26, no. 12.
--. Report on Problems of Racial Justice in Portland. Portland: City Club of Portland, 1968. City Club of Portland Bulletin vol. 49, no. 2, June 14. 1968.
Clarh, Malcolm, Jr. "The Bigot Disclosed: 90 Years of Nativism." Oregon Historical Quarterly, 75 (June 1974): 109-182.
Copeland, Danny B. Grassroots Organizations in the Black Community in Portland. M.S.W. Thesis, Portland State University, School of Social Work, 1977.
Daniels, Douglas Henry. Pioneer Urbanites: A Social and Cultural History of Black San Francisco. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1980.
Davenport, T. W. "Slavery Question in Oregon," Oregon Historical Quarterly, 9, 3 (September 1908),189-253.
Davis, Lenwood G. Blacks in the Pacific Northwest, 1788-1974: A Bibliography of Published Works and of Unpublished Source Materials on the Life and Contributions of Black People in the Pacific Northwest. Monticello, IL: Council of Planning Librarians, 1975. 2d ed.
--. Blacks in the State of Oregon, 1788-1974: A Bibliography of Published Works and of Unpublished Source Materials on the Life and Achievements of Black People in the Beaver State. Monticello, IL: Council of Planning Librarians, 1974. 2nd ed.
--. "Sources for History of Blacks in Oregon." Oregon Historical Quarterly, 73 (September, 1972), 197-211.
DeBra, Edward Balloch. An Injury to One: The Politics of Racial Exclusion in the Portland Local of the International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union. B.A. Honors Thesis, University of Oregon, Dept. of History, 1992.
De Graaf, Lawrence B. "Race, Sex, and Region: Black Women in the American West, 1850-1920," Pacific Historical Review, 49, 1 (February 1980), 285-314.
De León, Arnoldo. Racial Frontiers: Africans, Chinese, and Mexicans in Western America, 1848-1890. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2002.
Dever, Lem A. Confessions of an Imperial Klansman: Hot Tar and Feathers. Portland: 1924.
Dietsche, Robert. Jumptown: The Golden Years of Portland Jazz, 1942-1957. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press, 2005.
Dixon, Ariane Christine. Journeys into Self & Others: Voices from North/Northeast Portland, a Visual Documentary. B.A. Honors Thesis, University of Oregon, School of Journalism and Communication, 2002.
Epp, Allen, prod. and writ. Bigotry Knows No Time Nor Boundary. Portland: KOAP TV; OEPBS, 1976. Video recording, John Rausch, director.
Ette, Ezekiel Umo. Transplants in the West: A Study of Settlement and Adjustment Issues among Nigerian Immigrants in Portland, Oregon. Ph.D. Thesis, Portland State University, Social Work and Social Research, 2005.
Eugene Human Rights Commission. Report to the Community. Eugene: Eugene Human Rights Commission, 1966.
Franklin, Joseph. All Through the Night: The History of Spokane Black Americans, 1860-1940. Fairfield, WA: Ye Galleon Press, 1989.
Gibson, Karen J. "Bleeding Albina: A History of Community Disinvestment, 1940-2000." Transforming Anthropology, 15, 1 (2007): 3-25.
Gold, Shirley Jeanne. The Portland Group of Negro Descent: Its Structure and its Relation to Total Portland Community. M.A. Thesis, Reed College, Graduate Division, Education Dept., 1961.
Gurley, Joseph Darnell. African-Americans' "Sense of Place" in the Inland Empire: 1890-1920. M.A. Thesis, Washington State University, 2000.
Halseth, James A. and Bruce A. Glasrud, eds. The Northwest Mosaic: Minority Conflicts in Pacific Northwest History. Boulder, CO: Pruett Pub. Co., 1977.
Hamilton, Kenneth Marvin. Black Towns and Profit: Promotion and Development in the Trans-Appalachian West, 1877-1915. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1991.
Hayes, Ralph and Joe Franklin. Northwest Black Pioneers: A Centennial Tribute. [Seattle: Bon Marché], 1994.
Helvoigt, Ted. American Indians, Blacks, & Asians in Oregon's Work Force. Salem: Oregon Employment Dept., Research Section, Workforce Analysis Unit, 2000.
Henderson, Archie Maree. Introduction of the Negroes into the Pacific Northwest, 1788-1842. M.A. Thesis, University of Washington, 1949.
Herndon, Ronald D. Racism in the Portland Public Schools. B.A. Thesis, Reed College, History Dept., 1970.
Herzog, June. A Study of the Negro Defense Worker in the Portland-Vancouver Area. B.A. Thesis, Reed College, Sociology Dept., 1944.
Hill, Daniel Grafton. "The Negro as a Political and Social Issue in the Oregon Country." Journal of Negro History, 32 (1948): 329-347.
--. The Negro in Oregon: A Survey. M.A. Thesis, University of Oregon, Dept. of Sociology, 1932.
--. Hogg, Thomas C. "Black Man in White Town." Pacific Northwest Quarterly, 63 (1972): 14-21.
--. "Negroes and Their Institutions in Oregon." Phylon, 30 (Fall,1969): 72-85.
Holsinger, M. Paul. "The Oregon School Bill Controversy, 1922-1925." Pacific Historical Review, 37 (Aug. 1968): 327-341.
Hopkins, David. Black Health: A Review of the Births and Deaths of Black Oregonians. Portland: Health Division, Oregon Dept. of Human Resources, [1989?].
Hopkins, Oznathylee. Black Life in Oregon, 1899 - 1907: A Study of the Portland New Age. B.A. Thesis, Reed College, 1974.
Hult, Ruby El. The Saga of George W. Bush: Unheralded Pioneer of the Northwest Territory. Chicago: Negro Digest, 1962.
Jefferson Middle School (Eugene, Or.). Interviews of Older Black Women in Eugene. Eugene: Jefferson Middle School, 1993. Video recording.
Johnson, Clifford F. An Analysis of Negro News and Non-News Matters Appearing in Four Oregon Daily Newspapers During the Years 1931, 1936, 1941, 1945 and 1948. M.A. Thesis, University of Oregon, 1949.
Junne, George H. Blacks in the American West and Beyond - America, Canada, and Mexico: a Selectively Annotated Bibliography: Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000.
Katz, William Loren. The Black West. Seattle: Open Hand Publishing, 1987.
Kilian, Crawford. Go Do Some Great Thing: The Black Pioneers of British Columbia. Vancouver, BC: Douglas & McIntyre, 1978.
La Plante, Bernard Raymond. The Negro at Jefferson High School: A Historical Study of Racial Change. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Oregon, Dept. of Educational Foundations, 1970.
Lake, Johnny. Voices of the Elders. Carson Research Project, 2000.
Lang, William. "The Nearly Forgotten Blacks on Last Chance Gulch, 1900-1912," Pacific Northwest Quarterly, 70, 2 (April 1979), 50-51.
Langer, Elinor. A Hundred Little Hitlers: The Death of a Black Man, the Trial of a White Racist, and the Rise of the Neo-Nazi Movement in America. New York: Metropolitan Books, 2003.
League of Women Voters of Eugene. The Negro in Eugene. [Eugene, OR, 1951].
Little, William A. and James E. Weiss, eds. Blacks in Oregon: A Statistical and Historical Report. [Portland]: Black Studies Center and Center for Population Research and Census, Portland State University, 1978.
Littlefield, Daniel F. and Lonnie E. Underhill. "The Crazy Snake Uprising of 1909: A Red, Black or White Affair?" Arizona and the West, 20, 4 (Winter 1978), 307-324.
Lockley, Fred. "Some Documentary Records of Slavery in Oregon." Oregon Historical Quarterly, 17 (June 1916): 107-115.
Loomis, Richard A. A Narrative Interpretation of the 1920s Ku Klux Klan in Oregon. Ph.D. Thesis, Fuller Theological Seminary, 2000.
Maben, Manly. Vanport. Portland: Oregon Historical Society Press, 1987.
Mangun, Kimberley Ann. Beatrice Morrow Cannady and the Advocate: Building and Defending Oregon's African American Community, 1912-1933. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Oregon, 2005.
--. "'As Citizens of Portland We Must Protest": Beatrice Morrow Cannady and the African American Response to D.W. Griffith's ‘Masterpiece.'" Oregon Historical Quarterly, 382 (2006).
McCarthy, John D. Race and Political Activity in an Urban Context. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Oregon, Dept. of Sociology, 1968.
McElderry, Stuart. "Building a West Coast Ghetto: African-American Housing in Portland, 1910-1960," Pacific Northwest Quarterly, 92 (Summer 2001).
--. Notes Toward a Biography: the Papers of John Hiram Jackson. Portland: Cascade Campus Community History Center, Portland Community College, 1998.
--. The Problem of the Color Line: Civil Rights and Racial Ideology in Portland, Oregon, 1944-1965. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Oregon, Dept. of History,1998.
McGrew, Francis Joseph. The Knights of the Ku Klux Klan in Oregon, 1920-1930. B.A. Thesis, Reed College, History Dept., 1978.
McLagan, Elizabeth. Notes Toward a Biography: The Papers of John Hiram Jackson. Portland: Cascade Campus Community History Center, Portland Community College, 1998.
--. A Peculiar Paradise, A History of Blacks in Oregon, 1788-1940. Portland: The Georgian Press, 1980.
Melnick, Garth. Black and Blue: Anthropological Approaches to the Conflicted Relationship Between the African American Community and the Police in Portland, Oregon. B.A. Thesis, Reed College, Anthropology Department, 2005.
Millner, Darrell. On the Road to Equality: The Urban League of Portland, a 50 Year Retrospective, 1945-1995. Portland: Urban League of Portland, 1995.
Mumford, Esther Hall. Seattle's Black Victorians, 1852-1901. Seattle: Ananse Press, 1980.
Naderi, Pooya Shawn Darius. Access to Care Among Vulnerable Populations Enrolled in Oregon's Medicaid Program. M.A, Thesis, Portland State University, Dept. of Sociology, 2005.
Negro Citizens and Taxpayers League. 1946: The Status of Negroes in Portland and Program of the Negro Citizens and Taxpayers League. Portland: Urban League of Portland, 1946.
Oliver, Egbert S. "Obed Dickinson and the ‘Negro Question' in Salem." Oregon Historical Quarterly, 92, 1 (Spring 1991).
Oregon, State of, Dept. of Human Resources, Health Division, Center for Disease Prevention and Epidemiology, Center for Health Statistics. Multicultural Health: Mortality Patterns by Race and Ethnicity, Oregon, 1986-1994. Portland: Oregon Dept. of Human Resources, Health Division, Center for Disease Prevention and Epidemiology, Center for Health Statistics, 1997.
Palmer, Ronald. On the Corner of Nickerson and Twenty-Third: Seattle Blacks and Seattle Pacific University. Seattle: Seattle Pacific University, School of Social and Behavioral Sciences, 1980.
Pearson, Rudy N. African Americans in Portland, Oregon, 1940-1950: Work and Living Conditions-a Social History. Ph.D. Thesis, Washington State University, 1996.
--. " ‘A Menace to the Neighborhood,' Housing and African Americans in Portland, 1941-1945." Oregon Historical Quarterly, 102, 2 (Summer, 2001), 158-179.
Pieroth, Doris. "With All Deliberate Caution: School Integration in Seattle, 1954-1968." Pacific Northwest Quarterly, 73, 2 (April 1982), 50-56.
Pittman, Benjie LaShea. Offender and Community Reintegration: An Exploratory and Descriptive Study of Cultural Competency within Community Treatment and Correctional Reentry Programs. Ph.D. Thesis, Portland State University, Urban Studies, 2004.
Porter, Kenneth Wiggins. The Negro on the American Frontier. New York: Arno Press, 1971.
Portland, City of, Bureau of Planning. History of Portland's African American Community (1805 to the Present). Portland: City of Portland Bureau of Planning, February 1993.
A Portland Family Album: Self-Portrait of an African-American Community. Portland: Blue Sky Gallery, .
Portland State University, Comprehensive Planning Workshop. History of the Albina Plan Area. Portland: Portland State University, Urban Studies and Planning, Winter, 1990.
Rhodes, Ethel Camille. Negroes in Pacific Coast History prior to 1865. M.A. Thesis, Howard University, 1940.
Richard, K. Keith. "Unwelcome Settlers: Black and Mulatto Oregon Pioneers" Oregon Historical Quarterly, 84, 1 (Spring, 1983): 29-55 and 2 (Summer, 1983): 173-205.
--. "Unwelcome Settlers: Black and Mulatto Oregon Pioneers, Part II: Census Tables." Oregon Historical Quarterly, 84, 2 (Summer, 1983).
Rielly Thorson, Wendy P. Oregon Klanswomen of the 1920s: A Study of Tribalism, Gender, and Women's Power. M.A.I.S. Thesis, Oregon State University, 1997.
Riley, Glenda. "American Daughters: Black Women in the West." Montana: The Magazine of Western History, 38, 2 (Spring 1988),14-27.
Roberts, Waldo. "The Ku-Kluxing of Oregon." Outlook, 133, (March 14, 1923): 491.
Sabin Elementary School. Blacks Making History in Portland: a Project for Black History Week. Compiled by seventh and eighth grade students at Sabin School, Mary A. Collier and David D. Weitz, advisors. Portland: Sabin Elementary School, 1971.
Savage, W. Sherman. Blacks in the West. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1976.
Schneider, Franz M. The "Black Laws" of Oregon. M.S. Thesis, University of Santa Clara, 1970.
Shine, Gregory Paynter. "Respite from War: Buffalo Soldiers at Vancouver Barracks, 1899-1900." Oregon Historical Quarterly, 107 (2006).
Stout, Linda. Historical Survey of Union Avenue. [Portland: L. Stout, 1974]. Practicum project, Model Cities Program, Winter, 1974.
Symposium: The History of African Americans in Portland, Oregon, Portland Community College, Cascade Campus Community History Center. [Portland: Portland Community College], 1997.
Toll, William. "Black Families and Migration to a Multiracial Society: Portland, Oregon, 1900-1924." Journal of American Ethnic History, 17, 3 (Spring, 1998), 38-70.
Taylor, Quintard. "Bibliographic Essay on the African American West." Montana: The Magazine of Western History, 46, 4 (Winter 1996), 18-23.
--. "Blacks and Asians in a White City: Japanese Americans and African Americans in Seattle, 1890-1940." Western Historical Quarterly, 22, 4 (November 1991), 401-429.
--. "The Emergence of Black Communities in the Pacific Northwest, 1864-1910," Journal of Negro History, 64 (Fall, 1974), 342- 354.
--. The Forging of a Black Community: Seattle's Central District from 1870 through the Civil Rights Era. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1994.
--. "The Great Migration: The Afro-American Communities of Seattle and Portland during the 1940's." Arizona and the West, 23 (1981): 109-126.
--. A History of Blacks in the Pacific Northwest, 1788-1970. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Minnesota, 1977.
--. In Search of the Racial Frontier: African American West, 1528-1990. New York: W.W. Norton, 1998.
--. "Racial Discrimination in the Workplace: a Study of Two West Coast Cities During the 1940s," Journal of Ethnic Studies 8, 1 (Spring 1980), 35-54
--. "Slaves and Free Men: Blacks in the Oregon Country, 1840-1860." Oregon Historical Quarterly, 83, 2 (Summer 1982).
-- and Shirley Ann Wilson, eds. African American Women Confront the West, 1600-2000. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2003.
Tilsen, Scott. The American Dilemma on the Oregon Frontier: Racial Prejudice and Frontier Antislavery. B.A. Thesis, Reed College, American Studies Dept., 1971.
Toy, Eckard V. "The Ku Klux Klan in Oregon," in Experiences in a Promised Land: Essays in Pacific Northwest History , G. Thomas Edwards and Carlos A. Schwantes, eds. (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1986).
--. "Whose Frontier? The Survey of Race Relations on the Pacific Coast in the 1920s." Oregon Historical Quarterly, 107, 1 (Spring 2006).
Trujillo-Dalbey, Francisca Inez. Redrawing the Color Line: A Case Study of the Alliance of Minority Chambers of Commerce in Portland, Oregon. Ph.D. Thesis, Portland State University, Urban Studies and Planning, 2006.
Urban League of Portland. Nonwhite Neighbors and Property Prices in Portland, Oregon, and Residential Attitudes Toward Negroes as Neighbors. Two surveys by the Urban League of Portland. [Portland, 1956].
Valenti, Francis Paul. The Portland Press, the Ku Klux Klan, and the Oregon Compulsory Education Bill: Editorial Treatment of Klan Themes in the Portland Press in 1922. M.A. Thesis, University of Washington, 1993.
Wasbotten, Thor Luther. A Comparison of Black and White Representation in Crime Stories in Local Television News in Portland, Oregon. M.S. Thesis, University of Oregon, School of Journalism and Communication, 1995.
Washington State University. South by Northwest: Blacks in the Pacific Northwest. Pullman, WA: Washington State University; KWSU-TV, 1976-1981. Video recording, series.
White, Richard. "Race Relations in the American West." American Quarterly, 38 (1986), 394-416.
Advocate. 1903 - 1933 [?]. Note: Related to Beaver State Herald and Mt. Scott Herald .
Clarion Defender. 1965 - 1972.
Go Tell It. 1979 - 1981. Portland Branch, NAACP publication.
Interracial Progress. 1952 - 1957. Bi-monthly report of the Urban League of Portland, Oregon.
New Age. 1896 - 1907. Titled Portland New Age, 1905 - 1907
Newspaper [sic]. 1970 [?] "A bi-weekly publication serving the Albina community."
Northwest Defender. ? - 1965. Continued by Clarion Defender.
Oregon Advance Times. 1968 [?].
Oregon Mirror. 1962 [?].
The People's Observer. 1943 - 1945 [?].
Portland Challenger. 1952 - 1954 [?].
Portland Inquirer. 1944 [?].
Portland Observer. 1938? - 1943.
Portland Observer. 1970 - present.
Portland Times. 1918 - 1923.
Skanner. 1975 - present.
Urban League View. 1991 - present.
African-American periodicals from other West Coast cities occasionally reported on events in Portland and Oregon, as did those with national readerships published in other locations, such as the Colored American, printed in New York.
Abbott, Carl. Greater Portland, Urban Life and Landscape in the Pacific Northwest. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001.
--. "Portland, Civic Culture and Civic Opportunity." Oregon Historical Quarterly, 102, 1 (Spring, 2001): 6-21.
--. Portland, Planning, Politics and Growth in a Twentieth Century City . University of Nebraska Press: Lincoln & London, 1983.
DeMarco, Gordon. A Short History of Portland . San Francisco: Lexicos, 1990.
Gaston, Joseph. Portland, Oregon: Its History and Builders. 3 vols. Chicago and Portland: S.J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1911.
Johnston, Robert. The Radical Middle Class: Populist Democracy and the Question of Capitalism in Progressive Era Portland . New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003.
Lansing, Jewel. Portland: People, Politics, and Power, 1851-2001. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press, 2003.
MacColl, E. Kimbark. The Growth of a City: Power and Politics in Portland, Oregon, 1915 to 1950. Portland: The Georgian Press, 1979.
--. Merchants, Money and Power: The Portland Establishment, 1843-1913. Portland: The Georgian Press, 1988.
--. The Shaping of a City: Business and Politics in Portland Oregon, 1885 to 1915. Portland: The Georgian Press, 1976.
Robbins, William G. Landscapes of Promise: the Oregon Story, 1800-1940. Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 1997.
--. Landscapes of Conflict: the Oregon Story, 1940-2000. Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 2004.
Schwantes, Carlos A. The Pacific Northwest: an Interpretive History. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1996. Revised and enlarged 2ndedition. First published 1989.
Stanford, Phil. Portland Confidential: Sex, Crime, and Corruption in the Rose City. Portland: WestWinds Press, 2004.
City of Portland, Oregon, Bureau of Planning, Historic Resources Program
History of Portland and Oregon: A Selected Bibliography (No. 1)
Architecture, Architectural History & Historic Preservation in Portland & Oregon: A Selected Bibliography (No. 2)
History of African-Americans in Portland & Oregon: A Selected Bibliography (No. 3)
Women's History of Portland & Oregon: A Selected Bibliography (No. 4)
American Architecture, Architectural History & Historic Preservation: A Selected Bibliography (No. 5)
Location List of Sanborn Insurance Maps Covering Portland, Oregon (No. 6)
Maintenance, Preservation & Restoration of Historic Structures: A Selected Bibliography (No. 7)
Native Peoples & Archaeology of the Portland Area & Lower Columbia Region: A Selected Bibliography (No. 8)
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